There are a variety of drugs prescribed for patients withheart disease. It's important for both patientsliving with heart diseaseand those who care for them to understand theprescribed medication, to follow the directions of usage, and to be able to recognize the possible side effects associated with the medicine. The drugs most commonly prescribed for heart diseaseinclude:
ACE Inhibitors:ACE inhibitors are a type of medication that dilates (widens)arteriesto lowerblood pressureand make it easier for theheartto pumpblood. They also block some of the harmful actions of the endocrine system that may occur withheart failure.
Aldosterone Inhibitor: Eplerenonearepotassium-sparing diuretics. They can be prescribed to reduce the swelling and water build-up caused by heart failure. Diuretics cause thekidneysto send unneeded water and salt from the tissues andbloodinto the urine.
They may improve heart failure symptoms that are still present despite use of other treatments. These drugs protect the heart by blocking a chemical (aldosterone) in the body that causes salt and fluid build-up. This medication is used to treat patients with certain types of severe heart failure.
"Cancer" is the term we give to a large group of diseases that vary in type and location but have one thing in common: abnormal cells growing out of control.
Under normal circumstances the number and growth of all our cells is a highly controlled mechanism. But when the control signals in one of these cells goes wrong, and its life cycle becomes disturbed, it divides and divides. It continues multiplying uncontrollably, and the result of this accumulation of abnormal cells is a mass of cells called a "tumor". A tumor can be either benign or malignant.
Benign tumorsare non-cancerous and are rarely life-threatening. They do not spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Many breast lumps, for example, are benign tumors.
Malignant tumorsare cancerous and can spread to other parts of the body. When a malignant tumor spreads, the malignant cells break off and travel through the blood lymph system to other places in the body to settle and multiply; or metastasize, resulting in a new tumor called a secondary tumor, or metastasis. The name given to the cancer, however, is reflective of the origin of the cancer, even if it has spread to other areas of the body. For example, if prostate cancer has spread to the liver it is called metastatic prostate cancer.
Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They're normally harmless or even helpful, but under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.
Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person. Some are transmitted by bites from insects or animals. And others are acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water or being exposed to organisms in the environment.
Signs and symptoms vary depending on the organism causing the infection, but often include fever and fatigue. Mild complaints may respond to rest and home remedies, while some life-threatening infections may require hospitalization.
Many infectious diseases, such as measles and chickenpox, can be prevented by vaccines. Frequent and thorough hand-washing also helps protect you from infectious diseases.